Another source is available here. The main difference between the linked table and the one presented on this webpage is that the latter contains the appropriate references.

When What Where/Who Description Source
1966 Shakey Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, SRI (Stanford Research Institute), group led by Charles Rosen Wheeled platform with planning and automated navigation capabilities using a camera, ultrasonic-, and touch sensors. Nilsson, N. J. (1969). A mobile automaton: An application of artificial intelligence techniques. In IJCAI, pages 509-520.
1970 Stanford Cart Stanford University, Hans Moravec wheeled platform with a TV-camera, could plan a path through cluttered environment at a speed of 1m/15 min. Lead to development of the CMU Rover in 1981 Moravec, H. (1982). The cmu rover. In Proceedings of AAAI-82, pages 377-380.
1977 The Intelligent Vehicle Tsukuba Mechanical Engineering Lab, Japan. Developers were Tsugawa, Hirose and Yatabe tracked lane markers using stereo vision, speeds of 30 km/h Tsugawa, S. (1993). Vision-based vehicles in japan: the machine vision systems and driving control systems. In Industrial Electronics, 1993. Conference Proceedings, ISIE'93 - Budapest., IEEE International Symposium on.
1987 VaMoRs vehicle UBM, group led by E. D. Dickmanns 20 km at speeds up to 96 km/h, highway entring maneuvers from acceleration strip Dickmanns, E. D. (1998). Vehicles capable of dynamic vision: a new breed of technical beings? AI, 103:49-76.
1995 VITA II vehicle and twin VaMP UBM, group led by E. D. Dickmanns driving on normal three-lane highway traffic, 130 km/h, lane changing, convoy driving, overtaking. Dickmanns, E. D. (1998). Vehicles capable of dynamic vision: a new breed of technical beings? AI, 103:49-76.
1995 VaMP vehicle UBM, group led by E. D. Dickmanns 1600 km at speeds up to 180 km/h, only 5\% human intervention, using black and white cameras only Dickmanns, E. (2002). The development of machine vision for road vehicles in the last decade. In Intelligent Vehicle Symposium, IEEE.
1995 NavLab 5 vehicle, "No Hands Across America" CMU, Dean Pomerleau and Todd Jochem 5000 km, 1.8\% human intervention, lateral control only Pomerleau, D. (1995). Ralph: Rapidly adapting lateral position handler. In IEEE Symposium on Intelligent Vehicles, pages 506 - 511.
1998 ARGO vehicle, "Mille Miglia in Automatico" University di Parma, Bertozzi, Broggi, Fascioli 2000 km at speeds up to 90km/h, 6\% human intervention, using stereovision Broggi, A., Fascioli, A., and Bertozzi, M. (1999). The Argo Autonomous Vehicle: The Experience of the ARGO Autonomous Vehicle. World Scienti c Pub Co.
2004 DARPA Grand Challenge no winner - -
2005 Stanley robot wins DARPA Grand Challenge Stanford, group led by Sebastian Thrun 140 miles rough terrain, featuring various sensors including GPS and laser range finders Thrun, S., Montemerlo, M., Dahlkamp, H., Stavens, D., Aron, A., Diebel, J., Fong, P., Gale, J., Halpenny, M., Ho mann, G., Lau, K., Oakley, C., Palatucci, M., Pratt, V., Stang, P., Strohband, S., Dupont, C., Jendrossek, L. E., Koelen, C., Markey, C., Rummel, C., van Niekerk, J., Jensen, E., Alessandrini, P., Bradski, G., Davies, B., Ettinger, S., Kaehler, A., Ne an, A., and Mahoney, P. (2006). Stanley: The robot that won the darpa grand challenge:. J. Robot. Syst., 23(9):661-692.
2007 Boss robot wins DARPA Urban Challenge CMU and General Motors, group led by William "Red" Whittaker road driving, merging into moving traffic, intersections, parking Urmson, C., Anhalt, J., Bagnell, D., Baker, C., Bittner, R., Dolan, J., Dug- gins, D., Ferguson, D., Galatali, T., Geyer, C., Gittleman, M., Harbaugh, S., Hebert, M., Howard, T., Kelly, A., Kohanbash, D., Likhachev, M., Miller, N., Peterson, K., Rajkumar, R., Rybski, P., Salesky, B., Scherer, S., Woo-Seo, Y., Simmons, R., Singh, S., Snider, J., Stentz, A., Whittaker, W. ., and Ziglar, J. (2007). Tartan racing: A multi-modal approach to the darpa urban challenge. Darpa Technical Report.